Papilloma in the neck (filament warts) is the result of papillomavirus infection caused by the intake or activation of human papillomavirus (HPV) that already exists in cells. These neoplasm localization sites are often found. Specialists call papilloma-like warts (acrochord). They can appear not only in the neck, but also in the armpits, behind the ears, under the mammary glands.
Determining the cause and choosing a method to treat papilloma in the neck is the task of the specialist. Human papillomavirus infection is dangerous to health, can lead to the growth of malignant tumors, especially in combination with genital warts and urogenital diseases.
Mechanisms of disease development
Papillomavirus is detected in most sexually active adults. HPV enters the body through damage, cracks, during massage, using hygiene products, shoes, and even sexual intercourse with others. For months or even years, papillomavirus does not manifest itself in any way, indicating chronic transport. When the virus multiplies in the surface layer of the skin, tissue hyperplasia occurs, filament growth appears in the neck and other parts of the body.
Important! HPV is not persistent in the environment. The virus quickly dies on household items. Infection occurs mainly through direct contact.
During shaving, manicure, self-infection may occur when the virus is inactive. The disease enters the stage of active clinical manifestations, then a hyperplastic process occurs in the skin.
Causes of papilloma in the neck
It is almost impossible to say exactly why a papilloma appears in the neck. Experts identify the following predisposition factors:
- transmission of severe infectious diseases, surgical interventions that weaken the immune system, reduce the body's adaptive capacity;
- frequent skin damage caused by clothing, hygiene products and care products;
- performing massages without adhering to infectious safety techniques, in low-quality salons by HPV-infected workers;
- hormonal disorders, endocrine pathology;
- presence of other types of papilloma, genital warts and warts on the body and genitals.
Experts believe that the cause of papilloma in the neck may be related to hormonal changes in the body. This confirms the fact that filament warts often appear after endocrine pathology, during pregnancy and during menopause, when sex hormone activity decreases.
In young women, the cause of papilloma in the neck is often ovarian dysfunction. But initially HPV must be in an inactive form in the body. Hormone surges are just a provoking factor.
Neck papilloma practically has no clinical manifestations. Externally, they resemble the growth of small yellowish or fleshy filaments. Neoplasms have a fairly dense consistency. Their size rarely exceeds 6 mm. Often, filamentous papillomas on the neck are found in small groups, they can grow together and form foci that resemble chicken combs or cauliflower shapes.
The development of this type of papillomatous is not prone to magnetization, but if it is damaged, the risk of tissue malignancy remains. Neoplasms can become inflamed, often provoking the spread of papillomavirus to healthy skin with the appearance of new warts.
Papilloma examination of the neck
It is possible to determine the cause of papilloma in the neck and treatment methods during a thorough examination. If there is unusual growth, you should see a dermatologist.
The main diagnostic method for papilloma in the neck, armpits and other parts of the body:
- neoplasm tissue biopsy;
- histological examination.
Papillomas in the neck are distinguished from normal warts, fibroids, moles. Viruses can be determined during PCR studies. This method allows you to identify viral DNA, assess the degree of oncogenesis of formation and the amount of HPV. The most dangerous types of HPV are 16 and 18, which cause cervical cancer.
A papilloma tissue biopsy is performed if a violent process is suspected. Chronic papillomavirus infection contributes to tissue hyperplasia and often causes enlargement. Therefore, it is very important to detect the virus in a timely manner with high oncogenic risk and eliminate papillomatous growth.
Methods of treatment
The treatment regimen for papilloma in the neck is individually selected. This takes into account:
- the number of neoplasms, their shape and size;
- general health condition of the patient;
- level of risk of neoplasm malignancy;
- the presence of concomitant diseases, including external and internal tumors, urogenital infections.
To understand how to get rid of papilloma in the neck, the doctor prescribes a thorough examination, be sure to determine the type of HPV. Further tactics depend on this. Papilloma is the result of multiple viral replacements and requires antiviral therapy.
Medication for human papillomavirus infection is only used after consultation with the attending physician. Such funds prevent further HPV growth, preventing complications, including neoplasm malignancy.
Often, specialists prescribe drugs with antiviral activity, which also has an immunomodulatory effect. It is very important, especially with frequent relapses, to increase the activity of the immune system to reduce the number of exacerbations each year.
Treatment therapy of human papillomavirus virus infection continues for several months. During medication, it is recommended to monitor laboratory parameters, donate blood and urine,to detect increased load on the liver and kidneys in a timely manner.
If for some reason, specialists postpone surgical treatment of warts on the neck, you should take off clothes that injure the neoplasm. Although there is little damage, the risk of spreading papillomavirus to healthy areas of the body increases dramatically.
In addition to antiviral drugs, you can use ready-made pharmacies to get rid of papillomas. But this method of treatment is trauma. With increased oncogenic risk, it can not be used.
Pharmaceutical products for papilloma removal
Ready-made preparations to remove papilloma in the neck contain acid and aggressive components that destroy neoplasm cells. It is best to use the funds according to the instructions attached and after consulting with your doctor.
Basic principles of removing warts and papillomas with ready-made products:
- Before using topical preparations, it is necessary to treat healthy skin with zinc paste or vegetable oil;
- prohibited use of products for the treatment of children under the age of 10-12 years and adults with sensitive skin and chronic allergic pathology;
- Do not use medication on moles.
If, during the use of papilloma remover, some medications get healthy skin or mucous membranes, it is necessary to immediately wash the skin with running water and soap to neutralize acids and alkalis.
Common remedies for papilloma removal:
- Drugs in tablets, belong to anti-inflammatory agents and immunomodulators. Reduces the number of viruses, which helps reduce tumor size gradually. It is recommended combined with local treatment.
- Preparation used to freeze papilloma to the base. During the use of the product, there is a slight tingling sensation and burning sensation. The skin turns white and then reddens with blister formation. Complete tissue regeneration occurs within 2-4 weeks.
- Product application based on cold effects on papilloma. Low temperatures damage the neoplasm, causing serious disruption in tissue metabolism and nutrition, leading to its death.
- Celandine products. A similar drug is used to get rid of papilloma in the neck at home. In addition to celandine juice, they contain other aggressive components, including alkalis. Before using the product, healthy skin must be covered with a fat cream, vegetable oil or ointment with zinc.
Pharmaceutical products to combat papilloma are used in accordance with official instructions for use. Some drugs have an aggressive composition that can cause inflammation, irritation and even chemical burns to tissues. With high skin sensitivity, such agents are contraindicated. It is best to use minimally invasive surgical methods to remove the papilloma in the neck.
Papilloma surgical treatment is the gold standard. Any neoplasms that appear on the skin and mucous membranes against the background of human papillomavirus infection must be removed. No expert can guarantee that sooner or later neoplasms will not lead to the enlargement and growth of malignant tumors.
The main method of surgical removal of papilloma in the neck:
- laser freezing;
- radio wave mode;
- Neoplasmic surgery using a scalpel.
Doctors choose specific methods to remove papillomas based on comprehensive examination data. Surgery of the skin neoplasm is performed with a large tumor size and the risk of malignancy. In other cases, experts try to use minimally invasive techniques that do not leave scars and spots on the skin.
Lasers are effective against growths on the skin and mucous membranes. This method gives the most accurate and precise effect on the depth of the controlled tissue. There was no painful sensation during the procedure. Often, specialists use injectable anesthesia or application anesthesia.
High-energy lasers evaporate viral neoplasms with highly targeted laser beams. In this case, there is a simultaneous clotting of blood vessels. High temperature exposure prevents the spread of papillomavirus with blood flow to healthy skin areas.
Scabies forms at the site of a destroyed papilloma, which disappears on its own after about a week. The slightly reddish skin remains for 2-3 months and then disappears completely.
Cryodestruction is based on the effects of cold on skin neoplasms. Liquid nitrogen freezes the papilloma and leads to its destruction. After that, the tissue dies with the formation of a small crust.
During the procedure, the cytoplasm and intercellular fluid are frozen, the structure of the papilloma cells is damaged, making the neoplasm impassable. Low temperature exposure stops lymphatic circulation and blood flow in papillomatous tumor tissue.
During the application of liquid nitrogen, the skin turns white, slightly swollen, and after the procedure turns red with the appearance of blisters that do not appear. Complete tissue regeneration occurs within a few weeks.
Removal of radio wave papilloma
The radio wave method for getting rid of papilloma is notorious for its availability and moderate trauma. When radio frequency waves penetrate the skin, heat is released, with its help it is possible to eliminate the neoplasm by evaporating cells. During the procedure, the tissue moves separately, as if using a scalpel. This method is suitable for those who need histological analysis after surgery to remove the papilloma.
Electrocoagulation is a modern method of removing papillomas. During the electrosurgical procedure, the doctor cuts off the stems of the neoplasm, and then, using an electric current, burns the base of the tumor. The method is more suitable for removing small papillomas, as the electrocoagulator has a small size of the working loop.
Important! Surgical treatment is combined with antiviral therapy and immunostimulatory agents.
The growth of neoplasms is associated with the activity of the immune system. Specialists pay special attention to enhance immunity both with the help of drugs and with the use of safer methods (swimming, hardening, balneotherapy).
Alternative treatments include both local remedies for papilloma removal and formulations for internal use that enhance immunity. Echinacea has immunostimulatory properties. The texture of this plant with prolonged use increases the activity of the immune system and resistance to contact with the carrier of the virus.
The most commonly used local medicine is celandine juice. It drops on the neoplasm several times a day. The duration of treatment is not more than 5-7 days. It is not recommended to use celandine juice to get rid of large papillomas due to the high risk of burns. This product is not used on mucous and sensitive skin areas.
At home, you can try removing small papillomatous growths in the neck with salicylic acid. Garlic application can be used to stop the growth of HPV and reduce the risk of spreading pathogens to healthy tissues. For this, some garlic cloves are rubbed on the grater, the resulting mass is rubbed on the skin neoplasms. This method should not be used for wounds and damage, as well as for removing papillomas on the mucous membranes.